Gender-Based Violence Statistics

Sexual Assault 


Dating & Intimate Partner Violence

Crime Statistics

  • Only 2–10% of sexual assault reports are estimated to be false, a rate that does not exceed the false reporting rates of other crimes. Incorrect, exaggerated statistics are often used to invalidate survivors’ experiences (Violence Against Women 2010).
  • 0.6% of rapists will be incarcerated for their crime; 99.4% of rapists will walk free (RAINN 2012).
  • Amongst student victims, aged 18-24, 20% of incidences were reported to law enforcement, and amongst nonstudents of the same age range, 32% were reported

Marginalized Groups

  • 74.9% of bisexual women, 46.4% of lesbians, and 43.3% of straight women have reported sexual violence (other than rape) during their lifetimes; 47.4% of bisexual men, 40.2% of gay men, and 20.8% of straight men have reported sexual violence (other than rape) in their lifetimes (National Sexual Violence Resource Center 2015).
  • In a national survey, it was found that 12% of transgender youth reported sexual assault in K-12 settings by peers or faculty, 13% of African American transgender people reported sexual assault in the workplace, and 22% of transgender individuals experiencing homelessness were assaulted while staying at shelters
  • 33.5% of multiracial women, 26.9% of Native American women, 22% of Black women, 18.8% of white women, 14.6% of Hispanic women, and 6.8% of Asian/Pacific Islander women have been sexually assaulted
  • Individuals with a disability are three times more likely to be sexually assaulted than individuals without a disability (Crimes Against Persons with Disabilities 2011).
  • Undocumented immigrant survivor statistics are difficult to estimate, as deportation can be used as a threat against reporting the crime. Immigrant survivors may also not be aware of their area’s resources and services (National Immigrant Women’s Advocacy Project 2013).
  • People experiencing homelessness are at greater risks to be victims of sexual violence. In a survey of youth, ages 13-21, experiencing homelessness, 23% of females and 11% of males had experienced an act of sexual violence at least once since becoming homeless
  • 14% of females and 4% of males have been sexually assaulted in prison by another prisoner. 34% of bisexual males, 39% of gay males report having been sexually assaulted by another prisoner (Bureau of Justice Statistics 2008).

Impacts of Rape and Sexual Assault

  • 81% of women and 35% of men report experiencing significant short-term or long-term impacts of sexual assaults such as PTSD (National Sexual Violence Resource Center 2015).  
  • 32% of female victims and 16% of male victims reported physical injury as a result of sexual assault
  • 31% of sexual assault victims develop PTSD at one point in their lives. Victims are also three times more likely to have a major depressive episode. Victims are 13 times more likely to engage in alcohol abuse, and 26 times more likely to engage in substance abuse
  • Direct costs for a survivor average $5,560 for health care, lost earnings, property damage or loss, and other losses. Lost quality of life or emotional or physical health can cost $198,000
  • An individual with an income under $7,500 is twice as likely to be a victim of sexual assault as the general population
  • One study showed that teens who experienced sexual violence had lower rates of educational attainment, worse future job performance, and lower earnings- a difference estimated to amount to $241,600 in lost lifetime earnings
  • Rape costs victims more than any other crime, with total estimated costs of $127 billion per year
  • One study showed that out of women who experienced sexual violence in their first semester of college, 14.3% of them ended the semester with a GPA below 2.5

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